Stress Fractures: Causes, Risks, and Treatment Options
Stress fractures occur from tiny cracks in the bones from repetitive activity, referred to as cumulative trauma. Usually, stress fractures occur in the tibial and metatarsal bones (see diagrams below), but they can occur in any weight-bearing bones.
What Is Metatarsalgia?
Metatarsalgia refers to pain and tenderness in the ball of the foot. This pain can be caused by anything that puts excessive pressure on that part of your foot, such as too-tight shoes or intense exercise, as well as various health conditions.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis to Flare Up?
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel and foot pain. It occurs when the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, becomes inflamed.
4 Common Conditions That Affect Your Toes
A bunion is a large bump on the side of the foot, just below the big toe joint. It's the result of the big toe shifting out of position over time, nudging ever closer to the second toe. This is caused by a gradual separation between the first and second metatarsal bones, which are the long bones of the foot.
5 Kinds of Medial Malleolar Fractures
The medial malleolus is an anatomical region of the tibia bone, which is the larger of the two lower leg bones. You can feel this area as the bump on the inner side of your ankle joint. It bears 90% of the weight-bearing load, so this is a common fracture. Medial malleolar fractures involve the articular surface of the ankle joint, which is where the bones meet in the joint.
The 3 Types of Fifth Metatarsal Fractures
The fifth metatarsal is the bone on the outside of the midfoot at the base of the small toe. The proximal end of the fifth metatarsal (proximal means closer to the center of the body) is easily felt as the bump over the outside part of the midfoot. This part of the fifth metatarsal bone is prone to injury.
Bunion Surgery: Everything You Need to Know
Bunion surgery fixes a bony outgrowth at the base of the big toe. The growth is called a "bunion" or hallux valgus, and it forces the toe inward. Surgery for a bunion can involve cutting and realigning bone, repositioning muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the foot; and fusing or replacing a joint.
Exercises for Broken Ankle Recovery
Your healthcare provider will likely recommend exercises as part of your broken ankle recovery plan. This will include a variety of movements aimed at helping to restore your ankle strength, flexibility, range of motion, and stability so you can resume your normal activities quickly and safely.
Physical Therapy Exercises for Drop Foot
With drop foot, or difficulty lifting the front of your foot, physical therapy exercises can focus on different muscle groups in the lower leg and back. Balance exercises are also used to treat the condition.
Causes of Foot Pain and Treatment Options
The foot is a complex intersection of numerous muscles, bones, and ligaments that work together to enable you to stand and walk. Occasionally, an issue with one of these anatomical structures leads to pain and puts limitations on your daily function.