A sprained ankle and a broken ankle can result from twisting and rolling the ankle. While both conditions cause ankle pain and instability, a broken ankle is a more serious injury that requires different treatment compared to a sprained ankle.
Researchers have stepped up with a new study highlighting the key factors that may determine the procedure, known as modified Lapidus surgery, will be unsuccessful.
Stress fractures occur from tiny cracks in the bones from repetitive activity, referred to as cumulative trauma. Usually, stress fractures occur in the tibial and metatarsal bones (see diagrams below), but they can occur in any weight-bearing bones.
Metatarsalgia refers to pain and tenderness in the ball of the foot. This pain can be caused by anything that puts excessive pressure on that part of your foot, such as too-tight shoes or intense exercise, as well as various health conditions.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel and foot pain. It occurs when the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, becomes inflamed.
A bunion is a large bump on the side of the foot, just below the big toe joint. It's the result of the big toe shifting out of position over time, nudging ever closer to the second toe. This is caused by a gradual separation between the first and second metatarsal bones, which are the long bones of the foot.
The medial malleolus is an anatomical region of the tibia bone, which is the larger of the two lower leg bones. You can feel this area as the bump on the inner side of your ankle joint. It bears 90% of the weight-bearing load, so this is a common fracture. Medial malleolar fractures involve the articular surface of the ankle joint, which is where the bones meet in the joint.
The fifth metatarsal is the bone on the outside of the midfoot at the base of the small toe. The proximal end of the fifth metatarsal (proximal means closer to the center of the body) is easily felt as the bump over the outside part of the midfoot. This part of the fifth metatarsal bone is prone to injury.
Bunion surgery fixes a bony outgrowth at the base of the big toe. The growth is called a "bunion" or hallux valgus, and it forces the toe inward. Surgery for a bunion can involve cutting and realigning bone, repositioning muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the foot; and fusing or replacing a joint.
Your healthcare provider will likely recommend exercises as part of your broken ankle recovery plan. This will include a variety of movements aimed at helping to restore your ankle strength, flexibility, range of motion, and stability so you can resume your normal activities quickly and safely.