For patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis, total ankle replacement (TAR) and ankle fusion (AF) have similar clinical scores and harms, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS) is a condition that causes deep pain in the back of the ankle when the foot is pointed downward (plantar flexed). This problem typically arises when a piece of excess bone, a muscle, or a ligament pinches against another anatomical structure in the hindfoot.
Gout is a type of arthritis that is most often in one area or joint and involves swelling and pain.1 The big toe, other toes, fingers, ankles, and knees are the most common places to experience gout.
Toe pain has several causes, from injuries to chronic health conditions and joint deformities. Most causes of toe pain are not serious and can be managed with conservative treatment. However, pain can significantly affect your ability to bear weight through your toes which can limit your ability to comfortably stand and walk.
Arthritis is a group of conditions that cause pain and swelling in the joints. It is common in the small joints of the foot and ankle. Walking may help relieve pain and improve joint mobility in people with arthritis.
A medial malleolus fracture can happen during activity when your foot collapses inward or rotates too far outward. Fractures of the medial malleolus are relatively uncommon. When they do occur, they are usually part of a more complex pattern of ankle fractures.
Sinus tarsi syndrome refers to pain and swelling on the outside of the foot, just below the ankle joint. Noninvasive treatment methods can often help improve symptoms and allow a full recovery. However, in some cases, surgery may be necessary to resolve symptoms.
The os trigonum is an accessory, or extra bone, that sometimes develops behind the ankle. It does not always cause symptoms, but when it causes pain, due to irritation and inflammation, a doctor will refer to this discomfort as os trigonum syndrome.
A high ankle sprain is an injury that damages the ligaments connecting the leg bones to the talus or ankle bone and calcaneus or heel bone. It may also involve damage to the tendons and muscles that provide stability to the ankle.
There are many potential causes of ankle pain, ranging from acute injuries such as an ankle sprain or break to chronic conditions like arthritis. These can cause different types of pain.